The papers of military officer and very first U.S. president George Washington (1732-1799) held in the Manuscript Division associated with Library of Congress constitute the collection that is largest of initial Washington documents on earth. They comprise of around 65,000 products accumulated by Washington between 1745 and 1799, including communication, diaries, and monetary and armed forces documents. The collection documents Washington’s childhood training, their career that is first as surveyor, their experiences being a militia colonel through the French and Indian War, their election being a Virginia delegate to your very very very first and 2nd Continental Congresses, their part as basic of this Continental Army throughout the Revolutionary War, their presidency associated with the Constitutional Convention in 1787, their two terms as president (1789-1797), and their retirement. Also documented is their handling of Mount Vernon, their plantation home in Virginia, in addition to full life of their family members, servants, and slaves. Notable correspondents consist of John Adams, Benedict Arnold, Edward Braddock, Alexander Hamilton, John Hancock, Thomas Jefferson, therefore the Marquis de Lafayette. Due to the number of Washington’s passions, activities, and correspondents, such as ordinary residents additionally as celebrated figures, their documents are an abundant supply for pretty much every part of colonial and early US life.
Description of Series
This number of George Washington Papers is arranged into nine series, that are given below. Extra information about several of those series might be located when you look at the Series Notes under the Articles and Essays tab.
Series 1, Exercise Books, Diaries, and Surveys, ca. 1745-1799 Three exercise books (school content books), ca.1745-1747, held by Washington amongst the many years of approximately thirteen and fifteen; thirty-six regarding the diaries held by Washington from in regards to the chronilogical age of sixteen until their death in 1799; and records and drawings documenting Washington’s very very early career as being a surveyor, 1749-1752 and undated. To find out more, start to see the Series Notes.
Series 2, Letterbooks, 1754-1799 Forty-one letterbooks employed by Washington to help keep copies of his communication, dating right from the start associated with French and Indian War until their death. To find out more, look at Series Notes.
Series 3, Varick Transcripts, 1775-1785 Forty-four letterbooks containing copies associated with the communication Washington accumulated as Commander of this Continental Army throughout the Revolutionary War. They certainly were created by Richard Varick, at Washington’s way, in 1781-1785. Most of the letters that are original copied from come in Series 4. to find out more, start to see the Series Notes.
Series 4, General Correspondence, 1697-1799 The biggest show within the George Washington papers is comprised of 297 volumes containing original letters to and from Washington. Additionally included are early family documents, speeches, armed forces instructions, farm reports, as well as other papers. Since Washington preserved drafts of their letters, making letterbook copies of both outbound and correspondence that is incoming their letters frequently occur in numerous variations.
Series 5, Financial Papers, 1750-1796 Ledgers, journals, account publications, money publications, pocket publications, receipts, invoices, and company correspondence filling thirty-four volumes. These document the funds of Washington’s public and private life; their plantation at Mount Vernon, like the slaves whom lived and worked there; his army solution through the French and Indian War and also the Revolutionary War; their presidency, and their your retirement. The papers that are financial have numerous detail by detail bits of details about your family people, next-door next-door neighbors, servants along with other workers, slaves, physicians, merchants, and tradespeople he managed. To find out more, start to see the Series Notes.
Series 6, Military Papers, 1755-1798 A miscellaneous number of twenty-six volumes dating through the French and Indian War, the United states Revolution, and also the Quasi-War with France. Apart from an orderly book Washington kept being an aide to General Edward Braddock throughout the French and Indian War and a Virginia Militia memorandum guide, they are volumes that Washington accumulated during their armed forces profession but didn’t produce himself. Many document the newest War and can include orderly books, including some captured through the Uk; interrogations of Uk deserters, listings of officers and conditions, court martial procedures of Captain Richard Lippincott, diaries, copies of letters, and a couple of published volumes of army strategy. To learn more, look at Series Notes.
Show 7, Applications for Office, 1789-1796 Thirty-two volumes letters that are containing received from job-seekers as he ended up being president associated with united states of america.
Series 8, Miscellaneous Papers, ca. 1775-1799 those items in Series 8 aren’t various in substance from manuscripts somewhere else in Washington’s documents. These were filed individually only since they arrived in the collection individually through the majority of Washington’s documents. They include communication and notes that are miscellaneous 1757-1799; army commissions, honorary levels, as well as other certificates, 1775-1798; study warrants, 1750-1752; and records Washington made on their reading, ca.1760-1799. To learn more, look at Series Notes.
Series 9, Addenda, ca. 1732-1943 Washington product acquired since 1970, arranged by date of acquisition, and things that had been taken out of the initial eight show as extraneous.
Transcriptions Included with this Internet Site
Several of Washington’s papers are supplemented about this site by transcriptions through the posted editions the following. There are many discrepancies in date and text between papers during these posted editions as well as the manuscript pictures. Simply because in many cases editors associated with the published editions used a different draft than usually the one the Library of Congress owns. In other proposal essay topics instances archivists during the Library of Congress and editors for the published editions arrived at different interpretations of times, correspondents, or other information. Apart from Jackson and Twohig’s version regarding the Diaries, these are older editions, utilized because they’re away from copyright or perhaps into the general public domain. For citations to contemporary editions of Washington’s documents, start to see the bibliography in associated Resources.